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Animals & Habitats
Amur Leopard
Scientific Name
Panthera pardus orientalis
Far South East Russia
Conservation Status
Critically Endangered

Conservation Urgency

There are fewer than 80 individual Amur Leopards living in the natural habitats of Russia. Conservation threats include prey species depletion, land fragmentation, poaching and now genetic bottleneck. Due to its small number, inbreeding has become prevalent within the species.


An adept nocturnal hunter, Amur leopards will seek out Roe and Sika Deer as their main prey sources. They will also hunt wild boar, wapiti and other small- to medium-sized ungulates. Although they are solitary hunters, pairs will hunt together during the breeding season. The leopard will cache their prey once hunted and captured, to deter competition.