This species occurs in Oaxaca, Veracruz and the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico) to Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil and the Guianas.
The Seba’s short-tailed bat is a frugivore (species whose primary diet is fruits). They may consume up to 40 different species of fruits. They are also considered generalists in their dietary habits, consuming pollen, insects and nectar along with fruits. This generalist behavior indicates they will adapt during low fruit availability and compete with other frugivores in their ranges.
These bats play a pivotal role in biodiversity. They consume a wide variety of fruits and disperse thousands of seeds per night through their feces. Since they also may consume nectar during low fruit cycles, they are also known to assist in plant pollination.